What is psychoneuroimmunology

Negative Effect of physical and psychological stress on the immune system

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Psycho+ Neuro+ Immunology = (PNI) Psychoneuroimmunology is a fast growing field. It studies the relationship between our CNS – the central nervous system and our immune system. Now, its clearly found that physical and emotional stress can have a serious effect on our immune system. 

The effects of stress on the immune system  – Researches show that  under normal circumstances, our body secretes hormones to an infection or injury to help destroy germs or to repair body tissues. But In the condition of physically or emotional stress, our body releases certain hormones which negatively impacts our immune system. These hormones can bind to specific receptors and signal the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines*. it is evident that stress creates an internal or external force that threatens to disrupt the homeostatic balance of our body. Conversely, good mental health plays an important role in strengthening our immune system. 

*(A cytokine is a small protein that is released by cells, especially those in our immune system. There are many types of cytokines, but the ones that are generally stimulated by stress are called pro-inflammatory cytokines। ).

Stay relaxed, Stay happy, Stay healthy !!

 

 

 

International Civil Aviation Day – 7 December, अंतर्राष्ट्रीय नागरिक विमानन दिवस 

In 1996 the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed that 7 December was to be the International Civil Aviation Day.

The day has been celebrated by the International Civil Aviation Organization since 7 December 1994, the 50th anniversary of the signing the Convention on International Civil Aviation.[1] The purpose of the day is to recognize the importance of aviation, especially international air travel, to the social and economic development of the world.

 7 दिसंबर अंतर्राष्ट्रीय नागरिक विमानन दिवस 

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय नागरिक उड्डयन संगठन ने 7 दिसंबर 1 99 4 से अंतर्राष्ट्रीय नागरिक उड्डयन पर कन्वेंशन पर हस्ताक्षर करने की 50 वीं वर्षगांठ का दिन मनाया।  इस  का उद्देश्य दुनिया के सामाजिक और आर्थिक विकास के लिए विमानन, विशेषकर अंतरराष्ट्रीय हवाई यात्रा के महत्व को पहचानना है।

 

Courtesy Google.

Word of the year 2017 – Complicit, वर्ष 2017 का शब्द – सहभागिता

‘Complicit’ is the 2017 word of the year, according to Dictionary.com

How ‘complicit’ became most searched word of the year

 

Word “Complicit”  has become ‘word of the year’ after it topped the online search site Dictionary.com’s most searched-for list. Why has 2017 been so full of curiosity about being ‘complicit’?

Dictionary.com defines “complicit” as “choosing to be involved in an illegal or questionable act, especially with others; having partnership or involvement in wrongdoing.” And according to the dictionary, complicity — or in some cases, the refusal to be complicit — was pertinent to some of the biggest news topics of the year, from politics to National Football League players’ anthem protests to the outpouring of personal experiences with sexual harassment and assault using the hashtag #MeToo.

 

ऑनलाइन  साइट डिक्शनरी.कॉम की सबसे अधिक खोजी गई शब्द   में शीर्ष स्थान पर रहनेवाला ‘सहभागिता’   ‘वर्ष का शब्द’ 2017 बन गया है।

Dictionary.com परिभाषित करता है “सहभागिता” के रूप में “किसी गैरकानूनी या संदिग्ध कृत्य में शामिल होना, खासकर दूसरों के साथ; गलत तरीके से साझेदारी या सहभागिता । “और डिक्शनरी के अनुसार, सहभागिता – या कुछ मामलों में, सहभागिता से इनकार करना ।  वर्ष 2017  के कुछ  समाचार विषयों के लिये प्रासंगिक है। राजनीति, राष्ट्रीय फुटबॉल लीग के खिलाड़ियों के गानों के विरोध,  हैशटैग # मीटू के चर्चा में इसका  उपयोग हुआ है।